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1,2,4-Triazole - a versatile azole, proves and popular as an antifungal agent
Ashwini H. Pagare, Rani S. Kankate, Anwar R. Shaikh
Several five membered ring systems, e.g., triazole, oxadiazole dithiazole and thiadiazole with three heteroatoms at symmetrical or asymmetrical positions have been studied because of their interesting pharmacological properties. In this review our emphasis is on synthetic development and pharmacological activity of the 1,2,4-triazole moiety which exhibit a broad spectrum of pharmacological activity such as antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anticancer etc. Triazoles have increased our ability to treat many fungal infections, for example, candidiasis, cryptococcal meningitis, aspergillosis etc. However, mortality due to these infections even with antifungal therapy is still unacceptably high. Therefore, the development of new antifungal agents targeting specific fungal structures or functions is being actively pursued. Rapid developments in molecular mycology have led to a concentrated search for more target antifungals. Although we are entering a new era of antifungal therapy in which we will continue to be challenged by systemic fungal diseases, the options for treatment will have greatly expanded. Keywords: 1,2,4-triazole, 1,3,4-triazole, standard drugs containing 1,2,4-triazole, synthetic drugs containing 1,2,4-triazole, antifungal agents.[Full Text Article]